What is the Tea ceremony?
The owner invite some guests, then treat green tea and sweets to them.Making green tea called “cha-wo-tateru”. Cha-wo-tateru and concomitantly things to guests called “Sadou”
Some people lean “Sadou” in a school. Actually I leaned it in the technical college but it was difficult to me so I gave up ^^;
But it is one of the amazing culture in Japan so I’m going to talk about it this time 🙂
If you read this topic until the and, you might want to do “Sadou” 😀
History of Sadou
Sadou has long long history. But I will explain it briefly.
Ocha(tea) came from China in 804 years. It was not green, Oolong tea. People drunk it as a medicine first.
And then in Kamakura period, a Buddhist monk brought tea plants to Japan from China, it will be “Uji-maccha” (kind of green tea). Cultivating green tea plants progresses, drinking green tea were popular.
In Muromachi period, it was popular to guess production aria of water so guessing green tea became popular also as a gambling. But professionals of Sadou banded them to gamble with Sadou. Then it became to be “Wabicha”.
In Azuchi-momoyama period, Senno-rikyu(he is the most popular tea professional) finalized “Wabicha”.
His Wabicha spread to Samurai. After Edo period, it spread to towns people then progressed Sadou more and more. “Ura-senke” and “Omote-senke” were born to every one enjoy to Sadou. They has different rules each other.
After that, people’s mind of “Wabi Sabi” changed to be strange. Like, someone broke down the beautiful pottery by his/herself because it is too beautiful. And then fixing it again. And then it will be valuable.
But other people think about the most important thing is “treat guests” , then it is the roots of present day s “Sadou”
There are so many items for Sadou. I will show you them one by one.
We have it to make barrier us to other to be modest. We don’t use it as a fan.
We use it to clean up the “Cha-shaku ” and “Chaki” and using it when we have hot lid of porcelain kiln.
When we bring tea or drinking and seeing tea pottery use it.
④懐紙 (Kaishi)using for eating sweets, wipe the lip of the cup and clean up our hands.
⑤菓子きり・楊枝 (Kasikiri and Youji) using for eating sweets.
⑥帛紗ばさみ (Fukusabasami) is small bag for Kaishi,Kashikiri and Youji.
Making Ocha (tea) in the Chawan.
There are two type of tea. One of the tea is called “Usucha”, this taste is light. And another one is “Koicha”, it’s deeper than Usucha.
A container for Usucha. The most popular Usuki is “Natsume” it seems Jujube(called Natsume in Japanese) so.
A container for Koicha.
To make tea. It’s made of bamboo.There are many type of Chasen each schools.
To scoop Ocha from Chaire.
It is made of Pine, Plum, and Cherry blossom trees. Also ivory.
Clean up to the Chawan.
To boil the water.
To adjust the temperature of hot water from Kama and washing Chawan and Chasen.
The end of the Otemae(making tea), add the water to Mizusashi.
To scoop the water from Mizusashi or Kama. It’s made of bamboo.
We use different size for Summer to Winter.
To put the Hishaku or Lib on it.
To throw away the water that used for Otemae.
To put sweets on it.
Symbolize the theme of the Tea ceremony and owner’s posture.
To put some flower for Tea ceremony. There are some kind of Hanaire each seasons.
To put the Japanese incense (It’s called “Okou” in Japanese).
There are more tools for Sadou actually. But if you know these tools at least I showed, you might be enjoy the Tea ceremony when you join it 🙂
Let’s go to the Tea ceremony!
I’m going to talk about important point when you go to Tea ceremony:)
What should we wear for?
When we go to Tea ceremony, we put Iromuji on.
One color kimono is called Iromuji.
When we go to Tea ceremony with Kimono, we have to be modest so it’s a good idea to wear for.
For men also wear the one color Kimono, with Hakama (bottom in the picture).
For men, wearing the suit. For women, wearing skirt (not too short).
Then, you need to wear socks.
But, when you join to the Tea ceremony as a trial, don’t need to care about it so much.
So please check only these point!
・Are you wearing socks?
・Is your socks are clean?
・Aren’t you wearing outrageous clothes?
・Aren’t you wearing too many accessory?
Where can you join the tea ceremony?
There are tea ceremony for free at 10:30-11:30 on every Thursday (without January). You don’t need to book it.
If you are interested it, please check here
I found the video of Sadou in English. It will be helpful to understand what is the Sadou actually I guess 🙂
How was the topic?
I hope you will enjoy the Tea ceremony that one of the Japanese culture *